The weather in Colombia is not something that is easy to generalise about. On the one hand, it is equatorial, so there is very little variation throughout the year. On the other hand, however, there is such a variety in landscapes and terrains that the country is home to a startling array of climates, from dry, hot desert to humid jungle and freezing mountainous regions.
Within each microclimate, the weather is fairly similar all year round, although there are vague wet and dry seasons. The discrepancies in altitude, proximity to the coast and other factors all contribute to the fact that the mean temperature will vary drastically depending on where you are. Sometimes, these changes can be experienced within a mere one or two hours of each other.
Furthermore, the higher up you are, the more you will notice a marked difference between daytime and nighttime temperatures. So you could be enjoying blazing sunshine during the day before you have to wrap up in several layers to survive the night.
Dry and wet seasons also vary according to region, making Colombia’s climate a tricky one to pin down. However, here is a general guide to the climate in some of Colombia’s most visited regions:
Weather in Bogotá is fairly similar all year round. The average temperature rarely falls below 10 celsius or climbs higher than 20 or so. There are days when the strong sun can raise the temperature more but be prepared for fairly mild nights. The driest months are generally December, January, July and August, while the wet seasons tend to run from April to May and September to November
As you might expect, the weather on Colombia’s Caribbean coast is much hotter and more humid. The average temperature in places such as Cartagena, Baranquilla and Santa Marta is between 24 and 33 degrees. There is significantly less rain than in the capital, but September and October are traditionally the wet seasons.
This is the rainforest. So it rains. A lot. This tends to be year round, although January to May is when you will find the most rain. Temperatures throughout the year are in the high 20s and this region is also extremely humid.
This area is known as being temperate, with temperatures ranging between 17 and 25 degrees most of the year. Rainfall is fairly constant at this altitude. Areas such as Medellín boast weather that many consider to be perfect, and as such the city is labelled the ‘City of Eternal Spring’.